Skilled Workers and professionals are people, whose education and work experience help them find work and settle down as Permanent Residents in any country they wish to make their home. With large number of people retiring in developed countries like Canada every year, the need for skilled manpower is growing tremendously. A whole new world awaits skilled workers & professionals wanting to work in Canada.

Canada is the land of immense opportunities. The bountiful maple country is home to multi-cultural individuals from across the world. Known for its cultural and environmental diversity, Canada is where the heart is at peace. One of the most vibrant economies of the world and the booming employment sector make it the most sought after destinations for the skilled workers and professionals.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) has launched the Express Entry system to manage applications for permanent residence and applicants from across the world who qualify under Federal Skilled Worker Program/ Canadian Experience Class/ Federal Skilled Trades Program or a portion of Provincial Nominee Program will be offered the Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residency by the authorities. The qualifying criterion to receive the invitation varies from Program to Program. For people to qualify under the FSWP and FSTP, the candidate must have an Employment Offer approved by the competent authorities in Canada whereas, to apply for Permanent Residency under PNP, the candidate must receive a state Nomination and for Canadian Experience Class they need to meet the selection criteria.

It will be a point-based system. A maximum of 1200 points can be allotted under the Express Entry system. Points break- up will be as follows:

  • A maximum of 500 points for human capital factors like age, education, experience, and language will be awarded; Additional 40 points will be added if an applicant has an accompanying spouse or common-law partner.
  • Transferable skills will add another 100 points. Skills that can be used across different jobs and industries in technical and non-technical areas are usually referred to as transferable skills.
  • 600 points will be awarded if the applicant has a job offer in Canada or have received nomination certificate from any of Canadian provinces.

Canada, the maple leaf nation is among the highly developed countries of the world. The country offers a stable economy, friendly government, classic living standards and an excellent working environment. The Federal Skilled Worker Program is for immigrants to Canada who are selected as permanent residents on the basis of their ability to economically establish themselves in Canada.

Eligibility Criteria

In order to qualify for Canada Immigration Visa for permanent residency as a Canadian Federal Skilled Worker applicant, you must:

  • Have a minimum of one year of uninterrupted full time (or equivalent) work experience in the past 10 years under a skilled occupations (Skill Type O,A, B) or
  • Have an arranged employment (job offered by a Canadian employer) with regard to the Labour Market Impact Assessment criteria
  • Have completed two years of study in Canada towards a PhD or a PhD in Canada, from a recognized Canadian institution, and
  • Pass the language ability exam for one of Canada’s two official languages - English and French.

Canada, The northern face of America, is among the top booming trade nations of the world. It is also one of the most preferred countries to settle in for the clients who avail immigration services at WWITPC.

In order to keep up with its work pace, each year hundreds of trade persons are hired from all across the globe to come and work for the country, and even permanently reside in Canada. To hire such extensive number of trade workers, the Government of Canada has established a unique program - The Federal Skilled Trades Program to offer Permanent Resident Visa to Canada to qualified skilled foreign trades people in an array of high-demanding occupations. While the programs open gates to skilled traders from all across the world, Federal Skilled Trades Program has a strict criterion that must be met to qualify.

Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for a Canada Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa, Federal Skilled Trades applicants must fulfil the following criteria:-

  • They must have offers of employment from up to two employers in Canada for a minimum period of one year, or Certificate of Qualification from a territory or province of Canada
  • They must furnish a proof of basic language proficiency of any one of the two official languages of Canada - English or French
  • They must have obtained two years of qualified work experience in the skilled trade in the last five years

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), complete assistance for which is offered by us here at WWITPC, the global resettlement and immigration services provider, is an important fast-track alternative for gaining Canadian Permanent Residency. The Canadian immigration program allows investment based immigration, employment based immigration and immigration under certain specific situations.

The Government of Canada has worked out a number of territorial and provincial skilled immigration agreements keeping in mind the specific needs of employers and capital investment requirements for each geographical area. Therefore, most provinces of Canada also have their own Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) which are designed to encourage skilled workers from all over the world to settle in these provinces and contribute to the Canadian economy.

Provincial Nominee Programs:

The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is an immigration category that intends to help Canada’s temporary foreign workers and international graduates in obtaining a Permanent Resident status. The CEC is a popular immigration path for individuals who are already living and working in Canada. The changes made to the CEC will help ensure that the program, which currently sees processing times of about a year, will avoid backlogs and uphold its fast timeframe for processing. In addition, the changes will allow the program to further target the workers that Canada needs to succeed in today’s competitive economy. The structure of this program makes it ideal for international graduates of Canadian institutions who remain in Canada on post-graduation work permits as well as temporary foreign workers in general.

Minimum requirements

The applicant must:
  • have at least 12 months of full-time (or an equal amount in part time) skilled work experience in Canada in the three years before you apply.
  • have gained enough work experience in Canada with proper authorisation.
  • Meet the required language levels needed for your job in each language ability (speaking, listening, reading and writing).
  • Plan to live outside the province of Quebec.

The Quebec Immigration selection system for Quebec Skilled Workers is designed to indicate which applicants are likely to become economically established upon immigration to Quebec.

Quebec Skilled Workers applicants are not assessed based upon the selection factors of the Federal Skilled Worker Program. Citizenship and Immigration Canada acknowledges the selection of applicants who meet Quebec immigration selection criteria.

Quebec Experience Class

You can obtain Permanent Residency of Quebec in case you have studied or worked in the province and you meet the below mentioned criteria.

You need to obtain Quebec Selection Certificate in order to apply for Quebec immigration under QEC. Once you get the certificate, you need to clear the medical and security examination as per the norms laid down by the federal immigration authorities for you to be able to get Canadian Permanent Residency Visa.

Foreign students can apply under QEC if they:

  • Have obtained a degree or diploma from an educational institution recognized by the Quebec Ministry of Education,
  • Have studied in Quebec for at least 1,800 hours (two years),
  • Show that they have successfully completed an intermediate level French course at a Quebec educational institution, if their studies were not completed in French.

For immigrating to US, you need to obtain a Green Card, which is a US Permanent Residence Visa. It allows you to live & work permanently and legally in the United States. It is also a proof of your registration in accordance with the United States Immigration Laws.

With effect from April 2011, the new UK ‘Highly Skilled’ Tier was introduced. This new type of visa has replaced the Tier 1 General Visa, which was known as the Highly Skilled Migrant Program (HSMP). The UK Border Agency has stopped accepting Tier 1 (General) applications made from overseas since 23 December 2010.

Under the new Highly Skilled Tier Visa, entry in the UK is open for entrepreneurs, investors and limited people under exceptional talent category. The new Tier 1 immigration system will concentrate on businessmen and people such as top scientists, artists and sportspersons.

Thus, from April 2011, only the limited few Entrepreneurs and Investors and people with Skilled Talents qualify under the new Highly Skilled Tier Visa and make it to the UK.

With effect from July 1, 2015, new points system was rolled out the below mentioned Skilled Migration Visas. The Qualifying Score is now 60 points for Skilled Subclasses:

  1. Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189)
  2. Skilled Nominated Visa (Subclass 190)
  3. Skilled Regional Sponsored Visa (Subclass 489)

Occupation Lists:

Skilled Occupation List (SOL)

The current Skilled Occupation List (SOL) is relevant for applicants for:
  • Independent points-based skilled migration who are not nominated by a state or territory government agency
  • A Family Sponsored Points Tested visa
  • Temporary Graduate visa (subclass 485) - Graduate Work stream

Permanent Residency for Skilled Workers:

Australian Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) was brought into being to cater to the skill shortages of Australia. It is a Permanent Visa and falls under the Australian Immigration points-based system. Applicants must furnish that they possess the qualification or the skills of an occupation in the Skilled Occupation List (SOL). Applicants do not need sponsorship from family or the Australian State/ Territory Government nomination. Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) applicants are required to obtain a minimum of 60 points on a point assessment.

Features of this Program:

  • This Category permits the applicant an indefinite stay in Australia.
  • Permanent residents under the Australian Skilled Immigration Program have full access to health care benefits and certain social security payments.
  • Permanent residents under this Category can apply for citizenship of Australia after staying there for 4 years.
  • Once landed in Australia, the applicant can sponsor their family for permanent residency in Australia.
  • Dependents can accompany the applicant, provided they comply with the Australian Migration Law.

This is a Permanent Resident Visa which is an option to the individuals who cannot meet the Skilled Independent Visa pass mark and for those applicants whose occupation is not listed in the SOL1.

The basic requirement of this visa is to get sponsorship from a sponsoring State/ Territory in Australia. Applicants should also meet the points test by scoring 60. This visa is designed by the Australian government to address skill shortages in Australia.

Features of this Program:

  • The applicant has to be sponsored by State /Territory Government.
  • Permanent residents under the Australian Skilled Immigration Program have full access to health care benefits and certain social security payments.
  • Permanent residents under this Category can apply for citizenship of Australia after staying there for 4 year.
  • Once landed in Australia, the applicant can sponsor their family for permanent residency in Australia.
  • Dependents can accompany the applicant, provided they comply with the Australian Migration Law.
  • Applicant can score 5 points if nominated by an Australian State/Territory Govt.

This provisional Visa is granted for a period of 4 years for individuals who cannot meet the Skilled Independent Visa pass mark. This visa provides a pathway to a permanent visa in Australia.

The basic requirement of this visa is to get sponsorship either from a sponsoring State or Territory regional area or eligible relative living in a designated area. Applicants should also meet the points test by scoring 60 including the points from the relative/ state sponsorship. This visa is designed by the Australian Government to address skill shortages in designated areas of Australia.

Features of the Sub Class 489 Visa:

  • Applicants are allowed to live, work and study in a relative sponsored designated area /state sponsored regional area of Australia for a period of 4 years.
  • Provides a pathway to a permanent residency in Australia.
  • Applicants are allowed to apply for a permanent visa after the applicant has lived for 2 years in designated area/regional areas of Australia.
  • The applicant can score 10 points if sponsored by State/ Territory Government or 10 points if sponsored by an eligible relative currently living in a designated area.
  • Applicants can take their immediate family members, provided they meet the requirements of health, character and English language.
  • Allows the dependents to study and work in designated areas of Australia.

In a fast developing country like New Zealand, there is a constant need for highly educated and skilled workers in all sectors of economy. To facilitate the growing need of skilled workers, the department of Immigration New Zealand has streamlined a skilled migrant visa category.

The Skilled Migrant Category offers skilled workers from all over the world an opportunity to work New Zealand and gain Permanent Residence. To be eligible to apply under the Skilled Migrant visa category, an individual must meet the basic eligibility criteria. You must: -
  • Be between the age bracket of 22 (should be 20) to 55 years,
  • Be fit and healthy,
  • Be of good character with no terrorist or criminal records,
  • Have proficiency in both written and spoken English,
  • Be registered with an appropriate professional body of your occupation.

Visas in the Skilled Migrant Category Include:

While applying for The Skilled Migrant Category (SMC), the first step is submitting an Expression of Interest (EOI). In EOI, an applicant mentions about self, family and also declares points for skills, experience, and other relevant factors. Once the EOI is examined and found credible, authority sends an invite to the applicant. The EOI form can be filled up online with a fee.

How does EOI work?

While submitting the EOI form, applicant can claim points. If the EOI score is 100 or more points, the application goes into the EOI pool. Every fortnight, EOI with score of 140 or more is selected followed by points score between 100 and 139 which include points for a skilled job or job offer. Depending on the seats/ space available, the EOI with lower scoring points are selected. The applicant’s EOI expires in 6 months. If the EOI is not selected with this period, it lapses. However, the fee is non-refundable.

Important requirements

  • Good Character: Applicant shouldn’t pose any potential security risk and should have served time in prison, or been deported from any country. Applicant should not have been involved in any criminal or dangerous activities.
  • Health requirements: Applicant is required to be healthy. This is to ensure the well-being of New Zealand citizens.
  • Level of English: To be eligible for acquiring the visa, applicant should have the minimum level of knowledge of English language. To meet the minimum standard, applicant can produce an IELTS certificate or recognized qualifications taught entirely in English and working in skilled employment in New Zealand.